Throat Anatomy

The throat helps to make up the front portion of the neck and the muscles in this region of the body are involved in speech production, swallowing, and breathing. While swallowing, the muscles in the throat help lower the epiglottis during swallowing to seal off the entrance to the airways.  When speaking, the muscles of the throat hold the epiglottis in the open position to allow the passage of air involved in speech production.  During breathing, muscles of the throat hold the epiglottis open, and muscles of the larynx hold the vocal folds apart, to allow the inspiration and expiration of air.
Referenced Material
Anatomica’s Body Atlas. (2002). San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press (pg. 145)