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Dislocation Of Elbow
What is an elbow dislocation?
An elbow dislocation occurs when the bones in the
pop out of place and need to be repositioned. This injury typically occurs when there is a direct blow or forceful twist to the elbow joint. It is also important to understand the difference between a dislocation and subluxation. A subluxation is when the bone pops out and back in on its own whereas with the dislocation you or someone else must forcefully pop the bone back in place. Following an elbow dislocation it is important to use the proper
to stabilize the elbow and allow it to restand recover.
Medical Definition of an Elbow Dislocation
The elbow is the most common joint to dislocate among children and is second only to the shoulder and finger in adults. In most cases a dislocated elbow is the result of a fall on an outstretched hand. Approximately more than 80% of elbow dislocations are posterior unless associated with an olecranon fracture. The medial collateral ligament of the elbow is typically disrupted and other soft tissue restraints are commonly injured as result of a dislocated elbow.
- Elbow dislocation
- Elbow subluxation
What are the symptoms of an Elbow Dislocation?
- Extreme Pain
- Inability to bend the elbow
Treatment of an Elbow Dislocation
- Most acute elbow dislocations can be reduced in the emergency department.
- Seek medical attention once elbow is put back in place to have a neurovascular examination completed.
- Proper usage of
to help alleviate any pain.
- Use the appropriate
to stabilize the elbow: ensure that the brace prevents extension of elbow.
- Motion should begin 5-7 days following the injury: progress should be made during next 3-4 weeks.
Greene W.B. (Ed). (2001). Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care.Rosemont, Il: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (173-175)
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