What is a Ruptured Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is the tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the back of the heel bone. A ruptured Achilles tendon is similar to all tendon injuries, meaning their can be a partial or a total rupture of the tendon. A ruptured Achilles tendon is a commony seen lower leg injury suffered in competitive and recreational sports such as football and soccer. If there is a total rupture of the Achilles tendon, an Achilles tendon repair surgery is a necessity. Please immediately consult with a physician if you have suffered from this lower leg injury and follow the proper ice application techniques. Additionally, use the appropriate NSAID’s to help control the pain and inflammation that will come along with this injury.
Medical Definition of a Ruptured Achilles Tendon
Disruption of the Achilles tendon usually occurs 5 to 7 cm proximal to the insertion of tendon into the calcaneus or heel bone. A ruptured Achilles tendon commonly affects middle aged men who are participating in sports that involve quick, stop-and-go movements.
- Heel Cord Rupture
- Tendoachilles Rupture
What are the symptoms of a Ruptured Achilles Tendon?
- Sudden, severe calf pain that is often descriped as a “gunshot wound.”
- Severe acute pain can diminish quickly; often misdiagnosed as an ankle sprain.
- Significant weakness will begin to occur in the lower leg.
- Swelling in the lower calf is common.
- Difficulty bearing weight on the side of the injured tendon.
- Ankle Sprain
- Achilles Tendonitis
- Calf Strain
Treatment of Ruptured Achilles Tendon
- Non-operative treatment consists of casting or bracing with the foot in plantar flexion.
- Surgical repair will also require immobilization with the foot in the plantar flexion position.
- Non-operative treatment is based on individuals activity level, age, condition and surgical risk.
- Stretching and strengthening exercises should be emphasized during rehabilitation.
- Achilles Tendon Repair
- Achilles Tendon
Greene W.B. (Ed). (2001). Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care.Rosemont, IL: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (420-421)